Indirect Tax Sharing Agreements

Indirect Tax Sharing Agreements: Understanding the Basics

Indirect tax is a term that refers to taxes levied on goods and services, rather than on individuals or corporations. These taxes are often passed on to the consumer as part of the cost of the goods or services. Indirect tax sharing agreements are a way for companies to handle the indirect taxes they incur in their business transactions.

What is an Indirect Tax Sharing Agreement?

An indirect tax sharing agreement (ITSA) is a contract between two or more companies that spells out how they will share the costs and benefits of indirect taxes. These taxes can include value-added tax (VAT), sales tax, excise duty, customs duty, and other similar taxes.

The purpose of an ITSA is to ensure that companies do not bear the full burden of indirect taxes when they buy and sell goods or services. Instead, they share the costs with their business partners. Sharing the costs helps to reduce the overall tax burden for each company and can also be beneficial in other ways, such as promoting transparency and reducing the risk of disputes.

How Does an ITSA Work?

An ITSA is typically negotiated between two or more parties before they begin a business transaction. The agreement will specify the terms of the tax sharing arrangement, including the percentage of taxes that each party will be responsible for paying. The agreement will also outline the process for calculating the indirect taxes, as well as the payment schedule.

For example, imagine that Company A sells a product to Company B. The product incurs a 10% VAT, which Company A is obligated to pay to the government. However, under their ITSA, Company B has agreed to reimburse Company A for 5% of the VAT. This means that Company A is only responsible for paying 5% of the VAT, reducing their tax burden. Company B, on the other hand, will be responsible for paying the remaining 5% of the VAT.

Benefits of Indirect Tax Sharing Agreements

ITSA agreements offer several benefits, including:

1. Reduced Tax Burden: Companies can share the cost of indirect taxes, reducing their overall tax burden.

2. Promotes Transparency: Indirect tax sharing agreements promote transparency between companies, ensuring that each party knows their tax obligations.

3. Reduces Disputes: ITSA agreements can reduce the risk of disputes between companies over tax obligations.


Indirect tax sharing agreements are a useful tool for companies that want to reduce their overall tax burden and promote transparency in their business transactions. By sharing the costs of indirect taxes, companies can work together to reduce their tax obligations and minimize the risk of disputes. If you`re interested in setting up an ITSA agreement, consult with a tax expert to ensure that your company is in compliance with the relevant laws and regulations.